What is PCOS?

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder affecting women of reproductive age. It is not a problem that affects just the ovaries, the cause is mainly hormonal: when your hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are out of balance, it can affect your ovaries' function, creating PCOS. It's a common condition that needs to be treated. 

If you’re a woman with PCOS, you may experience metabolic issues that can affect your physical, mental, and reproductive health, leading to various symptoms. It also increases your risk for infertility: the inability to get pregnant.  

Women also produce a small number of male hormones known as androgens. In PCOS, too much androgen hormone prevents the release of eggs during ovulation, potentially making it difficult for you to become pregnant.

The main symptom of PCOS is an irregular menstrual cycle or absent periods. It can present as ovarian cysts - fluid-filled sacs in your ovaries, and skin problems such as acne.
PCOS can also cause your hair to become thin on your scalp. Excessive hair can grow on your face, chest, and breasts or other body areas.

How PCOS is Detected?

In the past, the diagnosis of PCOS was based on blood tests. Though there are specific hormonal findings characteristic of PCOS blood tests alone are not totally reliable.
The right way to diagnose the condition is according to your symptoms; a blood test - to check your hormone levels, and to look for ovarian cysts with a pelvic ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis. 

Treatment must be tailored to the particular needs of each woman diagnosed with PCOS. We will work with you through a customized care plan to better manage your symptoms and reduce your risk for long-term health complications. 

Healthy lifestyle management, including a nutritious diet and regular exercise, should be adopted by all women with PCOS.

To learn more about treatments available for PCOS, schedule a diagnostic evaluation by calling English Doctor Barcelona or by requesting an appointment online.

Remember, if you develop pelvic pain, don’t delay to find out the cause. 

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